The dogs carry on a long line of lifesavers. They have undoubtedly been a trustworthy companion of human being since ages. Their friendship is time tested and has come true to various tests of endurance and adversities. Dogs have proved their utility in many forms starting from hunting and shepherd dogs to tracking, avalanche rescue, arms & explosive detection and guard dogs. One can say for sure that the services of canines/dogs as a force multiplier in modern warfare and law enforcement operations cannot be overlooked.

Olfaction phenomenon is the basic principle of a working/ sniffing dog. A trained dog uses its olfactory senses to perform a specific task. Praise/reward and punishment/correction are the basic techniques to extract desired results/ performance.

History of Canine Detection Units [CDUs]

ANF established its CDUs back in 1998. Initially the trained dogs were procured from Pak Army and more dogs had been regularly added up through procurement from civil resources and through donation from friendly counties.

Canine Detection Units

Today's Security working dogs are no longer trained to hunt for "tunnel rats". Rather their jobs have evolved, just as the military has. They still perform such basic functions as guard duty, but their responsibilities today also include base security, individual and crowd control, tracking, and explosive and narcotic detection.

Drug trafficking is another serious issue, warranting effective mechanism to control its smuggling, and there is a tremendous international pressure to combat this menace. A properly trained and employed dog can prove its utility by finding drugs hidden at places and objects which will usually be missed by prevalent methods including latest and modernized techniques. There are examples where drug finding dogs detected illicit drugs from suspicious luggage and person which were cleared by all detectors and scanning machines even.

Mission and Role

In an age where illegal drug trafficking is at its all time high, it is important for Law enforcement and Federal agencies like Anti Narcotics Force to have the best available resources to assist in their drug interdiction efforts. Highly skilled drug detection dog teams can be a major asset in any successful drug interdiction program. Canine detection is one of the most trusted and tested method being used for the detection of narcotics globally. Our drug detection dogs are meticulously screened to ensure that they are social, environmentally sound and that they have the required drives and temperament to perform detection functions successfully in high stress and demanding environments.

Canine potential and Scope in Pakistan
  • Olfaction, the act or process of smelling, is a dog's prime special sense.
  • Dog has more than 220 Million olfactory receptors in its nose, while humans have only 5 Million.
  • A properly trained and deployed drug detecting canine unit can undoubtedly revolutionize the illegal drug trafficking.
  • Globally the drug detecting canine units have made copious progress and we have all the options and avenues available to enhance the overall efficiency of ANF through dogs.
Narcotics Sniffer Breeds
  • Labradors
  • Belgian Malinois
  • German Shepherds
  • Spaniels
Presently Labradors constitute major fraction amongst the canine elements of ANF.

Existing Resources and Expansion

Presently, ANF is having an operational taskforce of drug detecting dogs employed throughout the country at all International airports, seaports, dry ports and all entry and exit points. As a drug detecting, a dog can effectively yield its services up to the age of 7-8 years, so the present lot will be depleted gradually in coming years. To address the issue a comprehensive self breeding and training plan was chalked out in early 2013. This initiative has saved huge financial expenditures and also have led to self sustenance in terms of own trained young dogs and trained ANF persons/ handlers.

Canine assets Up-gradation Plan
Phase 1 : Establishment of “Regional Canine Breeding & Training Centre” at Islamabad
  • Trained Dogs from Donor Countries or Through Purchase.
  • Procurement of Un-Trained Pups and Provision to RDs.
  • An initiative of breeding facility from existing resources had been taken and is functional at Headquarters.
Phase 2: Procurement of dogs & equipment for Regional Canine Breeding & Training Centre
  • Procurement of Breeding Stock
  • Donors/Purchase
  • Own Breeding of Dogs
Phase 3 :- Yearly maintenance expenditures
Phase 4 :- Revenue generation for self sustenance Establishment of ANF Canine Breeding & Training Centre Project Goals & Objectives
  • Establishment of a state of the art “Canine Breeding & Training Centre” for ANF.
  • Breeding of pedigreed, KCP (Kennel club of Pakistan) registered bloodline dogs as per requirements of ANF/ other LEAs.
  • Self sustenance and provision of well trained sniffing dogs for deployment at all International entry & exit points and PSs for CN tasks of ANF & other LEAs (National/ Regional).
  • Training of newly inducted/ purchased operational dogs & self bred pups.
  • Purchase of latest training aids along with establishment of training areas/ simulators.
  • Refresher training of held dogs and handlers to improve their work efficiency/ capabilities since it’s a team effort.
  • Sale of well trained dogs to other LEAs for revenue generation & future self sustenance.
  • Sale of surplus, pedigreed pups in local market for revenue generation.
Benefits / Anticipated Outcomes
  • Provision of quality canines for ANF & other LEAs (National / Regional).
  • Deployment at airports, border posts, sea ports, dry ports & PSs for CN tasks/ operations of ANF & other LEAs (national/ regional).
  • More working life/ service of self bred & trained dogs.
  • Successful Counter Narcotics operations & enhanced seizures.
  • Capacity building & enhancement of work efficiency through training of newly inducted / purchased dogs & pups.
  • Improved work efficiency/ capabilities in multiple deployment scenarios.

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